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试图理解尼日利亚人在一个充满腐败的社会中试图取得成功或生存的过程中每天面临的困境。 这本书描绘了尼日利亚的腐败现象-非洲石油生产巨头全国范围内的燃料短缺,…

9780691136479_20080118_104036
A Culture of Corruption: Everyday Deception and Popular Discontent in Nigeria

试图理解尼日利亚人在一个充满腐败的社会中试图取得成功或生存的过程中每天面临的困境。 这本书描绘了尼日利亚的腐败现象-非洲石油生产巨头全国范围内的燃料短缺,年轻人在互联网上发动电子邮件诈骗等等。

提出“紧急业务关系”的电子邮件有助于使欺诈成为尼日利亚仅次于石油的最大外国收入来源。但是骗局也是尼日利亚国内文化景观的核心部分。腐败在尼日利亚如此普遍,以至于其公民简称为“尼日利亚因素”。不管愿意还是不愿意参加腐败的人们,尼日利亚人对此深有ambi昧-辞职,为之辩护或抱怨。他们痛苦地意识到腐败对国家的损害,并视自己为自己最大的敌人,但他们无法制止这种情况。腐败文化是一种深刻而富有同情心的尝试,旨在理解尼日利亚人在一个充满腐败的社会中努力前进(或只是生存)时所面临的一般困境。

丹尼尔·乔丹·史密斯(Daniel Jordan Smith)借鉴第一手经验,生动地描绘了尼日利亚的腐败现象-非洲石油生产巨头互联网咖啡馆在全国范围内的燃油短缺,年轻人在该处启动电子邮件诈骗,检查站,司机必须贿赂警察,虚假组织虹吸发展援助,房屋上涂有防欺诈字样“非卖品”。在这个国家,“ 419”(反欺诈法规的编号)已成为该文化不可回避的一部分,并且作为一种欺骗的隐喻而普遍存在,甚至连一个背叛的情人也可以说:“他扮演了我419。”从警惕主义和复兴的民族民族主义到五旬节教义的兴起以及巫术和食人主义的指责,今天的尼日利亚就无法理解腐败,而民众对它的反作用所起的作用是不可能的。

Attempts to understand the dilemmas average Nigerians face every day as they try to get ahead – or just survive – in a society riddled with corruption. This book paints a portrait of Nigerian corruption – of nationwide fuel shortages in Africa’s oil-producing giant, Internet cafes where the young launch their e-mail scams, and more.

E-mails proposing an “urgent business relationship” help make fraud Nigeria’s largest source of foreign revenue after oil. But scams are also a central part of Nigeria’s domestic cultural landscape. Corruption is so widespread in Nigeria that its citizens call it simply “the Nigerian factor.” Willing or unwilling participants in corruption at every turn, Nigerians are deeply ambivalent about it–resigning themselves to it, justifying it, or complaining about it. They are painfully aware of the damage corruption does to their country and see themselves as their own worst enemies, but they have been unable to stop it. A Culture of Corruption is a profound and sympathetic attempt to understand the dilemmas average Nigerians face every day as they try to get ahead–or just survive–in a society riddled with corruption.

Drawing on firsthand experience, Daniel Jordan Smith paints a vivid portrait of Nigerian corruption–of nationwide fuel shortages in Africa’s oil-producing giant, Internet caf s where the young launch their e-mail scams, checkpoints where drivers must bribe police, bogus organizations that siphon development aid, and houses painted with the fraud-preventive words “not for sale.” This is a country where “419”–the number of an antifraud statute–has become an inescapable part of the culture, and so universal as a metaphor for deception that even a betrayed lover can say, “He played me 419.” It is impossible to comprehend Nigeria today–from vigilantism and resurgent ethnic nationalism to rising Pentecostalism and accusations of witchcraft and cannibalism–without understanding the role played by corruption and popular reactions to it.

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